Content Summary

As the demand for air fryers continues to soar, health-conscious individuals are increasingly concerned about the materials used in their manufacturing process.

Whether you are considering purchasing an air fryer or simply curious about its construction, this article will provide valuable insights and information on the diverse range of materials that constitute this modern cooking appliance.

Let's take a closer look!

Materials - All Parts

Here are the different materials commonly used in air fryers. We take a look at the various parts and functions:

  1. The removable basket: often made from stainless steel, ceramic, or nonstick coatings.
  2. The drip pan: typically made from nonstick stainless steel, metal, or ceramic.
  3. The cooking chamber: usually made from stainless steel, metal, or ceramic.
  4. The heating elements: often made from stainless steel or titanium (for metal coils) or quartz (for halogen bulbs).
  5. The fan: generally made from metal, should be durable and capable of withstanding high temperatures.
  6. The exterior: made from a variety of materials including plastic and stainless steel, should be chosen based on personal preferences for aesthetics, durability, and maintenance.
  7. The accessories: like grilling trays or skewers, made often from stainless steel or metal, should be compatible with the air fryer and meet the user's needs.

Check further the details breakdown of each part below.

The Removable Basket

The removable air fryer basket is an essential component of an air fryer, as it holds the food while it cooks.

For this component, it is important to look for materials that are non-toxic, durable, and easy to clean.

The Drip Pan

The drip pan catches any excess oil or juices from the food being cooked in the air fryer.

  • Stainless steel, metal, and ceramic coated drip pans are popular options, as they can withstand high temperatures and offer easy cleanup.
  • Nonstick coatings can also be used, but be sure to choose one that is PFOA-free for health safety.

For this component, look for materials that are both heat-resistant and nonstick.

The Cooking Chamber

The cooking chamber is the main area where food and the whole basket are placed in an air fryer.

  • Stainless steel and metal coated materials are popular options that withstand high temperatures.
  • Nonstick coatings can also be used, but make sure they are PFOA-free.
  • Some air fryers may have ceramic or glass cooking chambers, which offer a more durable and non-toxic option.

Look for materials that are heat-resistant and easy to clean.

The Heating Elements

The heating elements are responsible for generating the hot air that cooks the food in an air fryer.

  • This element may use a metal coil or halogen bulb, both of which can be made from different materials.
  • Stainless steel and titanium are popular options for metal coil heating elements, while quartz is commonly used for halogen bulbs.

Be sure to check the manufacturer's specifications and choose materials that offer durability, high heat resistance, and even cooking.

The Fan

The fan in an air fryer is responsible for circulating hot air throughout the cooking chamber to ensure even cooking.

  • Most fans are made from metal, which is durable and heat-resistant.
  • Other materials may be more prone to wear and tear and may not withstand high temperatures as well.

Consider the quality and long-term performance of the fan when choosing an air fryer.

The Exterior

The exterior of an air fryer can be made from various materials, including plastic, stainless steel, or a combination of both.

Choose a material that suits your preferences in terms of aesthetics, durability, and maintenance.

The Accessories

Many air fryers come with additional accessories such as racks, skewers, rotisserie spit, and grilling trays. Consider their purpose and choose materials accordingly.

  • Stainless steel is fine for the grilling tray, and the rotisserie spit.
  • Ceramic coated trays and skewers are also popular for their durability and ease to cleanup.

Choose accessories that are compatible with your air fryer and made from materials that align with your needs.

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Materials - The Removable Basket

Since the direct food contact happens in the removable basket, it is important to carefully consider the materials used for this component.

Here are some popular options:

  1. Stainless steel: This material offers durability and resistance to corrosion or rust.
  2. Ceramic coating: A non-toxic, scratch-resistant and durable option.
  3. Glass bowl: Ideal for those who want to monitor their food while it cooks.
  4. Nonstick coating: Convenient and easy to clean, but look for a PFOA-free option to minimize health risks.
  5. Silicon: Versatile and non-toxic and easy to clean option, but may not be as durable as other materials.
  6. Titanium: A newer material known for its durability, even heat distribution and scratch resistance, but can be more expensive than other options.

Check further the below details on materials used in your air fryer to ensure safety and optimal performance.

Stainless Steel Basket

One of the most popular materials used for air fryer baskets is stainless steel. This material is known for its durability and resistance to rust and corrosion, making it a great choice for long-term use.

  • Stainless steel baskets are also easy to clean, as they can withstand high temperatures and are often dishwasher safe.
  • A stainless steel air fryer is becoming increasingly popular as it is corrosion-resistant, easy to clean, and it has a sleek and attractive design.
  • Stainless steel material also distributes heat evenly and quickly, providing crispy food. Although, stainless steel air fryers can be more expensive compared to other materials.

Ceramic Coated Basket

The ceramic coated basket is a popular choice for air fryers due to its ability to provide even heat distribution. That ensures that your food is cooked evenly and thoroughly.

  • A ceramic non-toxic air fryer is known for its aesthetic design; ceramic is a non-toxic material, which makes it a safer option.
  • The nonstick coating on the ceramic surface also prevents food from sticking, making it easy to clean and maintain.
  • The ceramic coating is also scratch-resistant and dishwasher safe, making it a convenient and time-saving option for busy individuals.

Glass Bowl Basket

Some air fryers come with a glass bowl, which allows you to monitor your food as it cooks. This can be useful for dishes that require careful timing or for those who prefer to see their food as it cooks. (Think French fries, chicken wings.)

  • However, glass bowls may require more care and attention when cleaning, and aren't dishwasher safe.
  • They are also more fragile than other materials and may not be as durable. Therefore, it is important to handle with care.

Nonstick Coating Basket

A nonstick coating air fry basket can be made from materials like Teflon or PTFE.

  • These are popular choices for their ability to prevent food from sticking while cooking. These make them easy to clean and maintain, a convenient option for many users.
  • These coatings are known for their nonstick properties, but there have been some health concerns raised about their use. It's essential to note that Teflon coatings may release toxic chemicals if the temperature reaches 500 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • When choosing a nonstick coated basket, make sure to look for one that is PFOA-free to minimize any potential health risks.

Silicon Basket

Silicon is a newer material used for air fryer baskets.

  • Silicon baskets are also non-toxic, dishwasher safe, and easy to clean.
  • Additionally, they are flexible and can be morphed into different shapes to fit your food. This makes them a versatile option for air fryer users.
  • On the other hand, silicon baskets may not be as durable compared to stainless steel or ceramic coated baskets.
  • They can also only withstand temperatures up to 400 degrees Fahrenheit, so make sure to check the manufacturer's specifications before using it in high heat settings.

Titanium Basket

Titanium baskets are a newer addition to the market and offer durability, nonstick properties, and even heating.

  • They are known for their scratch resistance, making them an ideal choice for long-term use.
  • Titanium is also a lightweight material that heats up quickly and evenly, providing crispy food in less time.
  • However, compared to air fryers made from other materials, titanium air fryers are usually more expensive .

Choose a titanium basket if you're looking for high-quality and long-lasting material for your air fryer.

Air Fryer Materials FAQs

What material are air fryers made of? Here are some frequently asked questions about air fryer materials:

Are the cooking baskets in air fryers typically made of stainless steel or non-stick materials?

The cooking baskets in most air fryers are made of non-stick coating materials, such as Teflon or PTFE coatings. This prevents food from sticking to the basket and makes it easier to clean.

  • However, there are also air fryers that come with stainless steel baskets that provide even heat distribution and a crispier result.
  • Some models may also have additional options like ceramic coated or glass baskets.

Are there any health concerns with the materials used in air fryers?

Some health concerns have been raised about non-stick coatings, such as Teflon and PTFE coatings, releasing toxic chemicals at high temperatures.

  • Some plastics may release harmful chemicals when exposed to high heat, so it's advisable to choose air fryers with PFOA-free/ BPA-free plastic components, or alternative materials like ceramic or silicon for a safer cooking experience.
  • However, there are no known health concerns associated with stainless steel or nonstick coated air fryer baskets.
  • Follow the manufacturer's instructions and using the air fryer responsibly can help minimize any potential health risks associated with these materials.
  • It's important to note that using any kitchen appliance always carries some risk, so it's essential to follow safety instructions and use caution when handling hot materials.
  • Avoid models made with cheap and low-quality materials that may wear off over time. Overall, as long as you choose high-quality and safe materials, cooking with an air fryer is a healthy and convenient option.

Air air fryers toxic?

Non toxic air fryers are the industrial standard. However, if you buy an air fryer oven from an unknown brand, or a used appliance, watch out for plastic components containing PFOA or BPA.

Do air fryers use any plastic components in their construction?

Air fryers typically use plastic components in their construction. These components can include the outer housing, control panel, and various internal parts such as baskets and trays.

However, it is important to note that not all air fryers are made with the same materials, and some may have more plastic components than others.

Additionally, it is always recommended to check the product specifications or contact the manufacturer for specific information on the materials used in a particular air fryer model.

Are there any specific materials to avoid when purchasing an air fryer due to potential durability or safety issues?

When purchasing an air fryer, it is generally recommended to avoid models made with cheap and low-quality materials such as plastic or non-stick coatings that may wear off over time.

  • These materials can pose durability and safety concerns, as they may degrade or release harmful chemicals when exposed to high temperatures.
  • It is advisable to choose air fryers made with sturdy materials like stainless steel or ceramic, which are known for their durability and heat resistance.
  • Opting for reputable brands and reading product reviews can also help ensure the safety and longevity of your air fryer. Simply put, the best air fryers are made from the best - and most durable and safest - materials.

Tips & Tricks

  • Do not use metal utensils or abrasive cleaners on non-stick air fryer baskets to avoid damaging the coating.
  • To prolong the life of your air fryer, hand wash it instead of placing it in a dishwasher.
  • Non-stick coatings can release toxic fumes if overheated, so it's important to use the air fryer within its recommended temperature range.
  • When using an air fryer for the first time, hand wash it first, let it dry and then preheat it for 5 minutes before cooking to remove any manufacturing residue or smell.
  • Refer to the manufacturer's instructions for proper care and maintenance of your specific air fryer model.


Air fryers are typically made of heat-resistant materials, making them durable and easy to clean. They offer different advantages and disadvantages.

It's essential to pick the right material that suits your needs and preferences. Whether you're after design, durability, convenience, or safety, there's one for you.


Need an all-in-one solution? Look for stainless steel air fryers with stainless steel exterior, non-stick coated baskets, and durable components. Check out our top picks!

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Knowing the different types of materials air fryers are made of can help you make an informed decision and maximize your air fryer's capabilities.

Happy air-frying!

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